Istanbul grew up under the administration of many different states and has been a crossing for many different cultures.
Istanbul,which connects Europe and Asia via the Bosphorus, is one of the world's most metropolitan cities.
The fact that Istanbul was the capital of three empires, the Roman, Byzantine, and Ottoman, is probably the most remarkable element of its history.
Istanbul has a rich cultural past, and the historical peninsula is a Famous Landmark.
While Muslims represent the majority of the population, the city is a multicultural meeting zone. You may immerse yourself in the cultures of the Middle East and the West at the same time.
After being named the European Capital of Culture in 2010, it expanded its modern cultural offering. It takes a lifetime to completely understand Istanbul's beautiful parks, corners, museums, mosques, church.
That is why we have put together a list of tourist sites in Istanbul for you to see!
1. Galata Tower
The Galata Tower is located in Istanbul's Beyoglu area.It gets its name from the Galata neighborhood in which it is located. Galata Tower was created as a lighthouse by Byzantine Emperor Anastasius in 507-508 and renovated as a Genoese Tower in 1348. It is one of the world's oldest towers, standing at 69.90 meters.
The tower is presently utilized as a museum and exhibition venue. It is a significant structure in both Beyoglu and Istanbul. Rumor has it that you will marry the person you travel to Galata Tower with. This legend stretches back to the time of the Romans.
The top floor of the Galata Tower, which was one of Istanbul's tallest structures until the middle of the twentieth century, features one of the city's most spectacular panoramic vistas. The tower is on UNESCO's tentative list of world heritage sites.
The tower is open daily from 9.30 a.m. to 12 a.m. in the summer and from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. in the winter.
2. The Grand Bazaar
Mehmet the Conqueror created the Grand Bazaar in the 15th century in Fatih district, between the Beyazit and Nuruosmaniye Mosques. With approximately 4000 shops and 61 alleyways, it is one of the largest and oldest covered marketplaces in the world.
It is regarded as the world's first retail mall. Banks, restaurants, cafés, a post office, a police station, a health clinic, and a tourist information center are all available. The Grand Bazaar, with its crowded businesses and colorful streets, is one of Istanbul's most historical locations.
3.Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque)
Sultan Ahmed Mosque, popularly known as the Blue Mosque, is a historical mosque from the Ottoman Empire in Istanbul, Turkey. The mosque exemplifies Ottoman architectural perfection. The mosque was erected in the 17th century by Ottoman architect Sedefkar Mehmed Agha during the reign of Ahmed I.
It is the heart of Old Istanbul and one of the most popular tourist attractions. Because of the towering ceiling lined with 20,000 blue stones, foreigners often to it as the Blue Mosque.
4. Hagia Sophia
The Hagia Sophia is one of Istanbul's most popular tourist destinations. It is regarded as the world's eighth wonder. It has gone through several transformations, from a Byzantine church to a museum to mosque. Hagia Sophia has had an active life, been rebuilt and remade several times, and it is one of Istanbul's top three most important historical sites.
The Hagia Sophia is a mix of Byzantine and Islamic design. While the minaret, calligraphic roundels, and mihrab are Islamic, mosaics and frescoes, marble columns, and aesthetically notable coverings are Byzantine.
5. Topkapi Palace
Topkapi Palace is located on Istanbul's ancient peninsula, between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus, and the Golden Horn. The building of the Topkapi Palace began in 1460, seven years after Istanbul's conquest, at the behest of Fatih Sultan Mehmet. For over 400 years, Topkapi Palace served as the empire's administrative, educational, and cultural center.
The palace has four courtyards: the first is Alay Square, which houses Hagia Irene Church. The administration center, Divan Square, is located on the second courtyard. The Harem's entrance lies on the western side of the Second Courtyard. Enderun Courtyard, the reign's primary educational institution, is the third courtyard. The fourth courtyard contains the sultans' palaces and hanging gardens.
Mimar Sinan, the most famous Ottoman architect, designed the Suleymaniye Mosque. It was erected in the honour of Suleiman the Magnificent in Istanbul between 1551 and 1557. Suleymaniye Mosque is part of the Suleymaniye Complex, which also includes a seminary, library, hospital, primary school, Turkish bath (hammam), soup kitchen, burial site, and shops.
Despite the fact that Istanbul has been subjected to over a hundred earthquakes since its construction, not a single fracture has formed on its walls. In terms of décor, the Suleymaniye Mosque has a plain construction. The mihrab is adorned with beautiful Iznik tiles, and the windows on the mihrab wall are stained glass.
7. Istiklal Street
Istiklal Street, previously known as Grand Rue de Pera, is one of the country's top streets, attracting nearly 3 million tourists every day. It is located in Taksim's Beyoglu area and is without a doubt one of the world's most colorful streets.
It is a must-see destination because of its vibrant nightlife, discos, gathering places, fantastic shopping, bars, cafés, and restaurants, creative art galleries, side streets, neoclassical and art nouveau buildings, old cinemas, tunnels, museums, and art galleries.
8. Dolmabahce Palace
Dolmabahce Palace, the exquisite palace on the Bosphorus, is the most splendid of the emblematic monuments of the Ottoman Empire's altered character in the nineteenth century. It is situated on 110 thousand square meters of land with a breathtaking view of the Bosphorus.
From the 15th through the 19th centuries, Topkapi Palace served as the dynasty's headquarters. However, things began to alter in the nineteenth century. With Sultan Abdulmecit's ultimate occupancy in Dolmabahce Palace, this became the Ottoman Empire's main home and administrative headquarters. Dolmabahce Palace saw every stage of the Ottoman Empire's western expansion and has experienced several changes and revolutionary political movements since its inception.
Although the suburban rail ride to Yedikule (Castle of the Seven Towers) is a bit of a slog, this magnificent fortification is definitely worth it.The castle, built in the 5th century by Emperor Theodosius II, formed the southern part of Constantinople's defensive fortifications.The massive arch (blocked up in the late Byzantine period) was known as the Porta Aurea (Golden Gate), and its doors were gold-plated.
When the Ottomans took the city, they utilized the stronghold as a defensive structure, as well as a jail and execution site.Yedikule has recently been repaired, and you may climb to the top of the battlements for spectacular views of the Sea of Marmara.
10.Spice Bazaar (The Egyptian Bazaar )
The Egyptian Bazaar, commonly known as the Spice Bazaar, was constructed in 1664. It is one of Istanbul's oldest covered bazaars. It is well-known for its herbalists, natural remedies, spices, flower seeds, uncommon plant roots and shells, and traditional goods like as dried nuts and delicatessen items.
Furthermore, it is one of Istanbul's most colorful bazaars,offering a plethora of spices,Turkish treats, caviar, dried nuts, honeycombs, dried figs, mature hard Turkish cheese, and many other items.